Personal pronouns take the place of words for people, animals and things. Personal pronouns may be used as a subject of a verb or an object of a verb.
These pronouns are used as the subject of the verb. The subject is the person, animal or the thing that does the action of the verb.
I, you, he, she, it, we and they are pronouns and they can be used as the subject of a verb.
- Lions are top predators among animals. They hunt other animals for food.
The word lions is the subject of the first sentence. In the second sentence, the pronoun they is used instead of the word lions. Both sentences are about the same thing.
Look at some more examples of subject pronouns:
- My mother is a nurse. She works in the hospital.
- Out cat is very funny. It likes to play with its tail.
- My friend and I are watching cartoons. We like Tom & Jerry.
Object of a verb is the person, animal or the thing that receives the action of the verb. When a personal pronoun is the object of a verb in a sentence it is called the object pronoun.
Here are some examples that show personal pronouns used as objects of the verb.
- Hello Tima, I will send you some story books next week. (you refers to Tima
- Miss Liza is very nice. All the children like her. (her refers to Liza)
- The car is very dirty. I am cleaning it. (it refers to the car)
Object pronouns are also used after prepositions. Prepositions are short words like at, to or with, which connect other words. In the following sentences the prepositions are in bold text and the object pronouns are in green colour.
- Jane is my sister. she is five years younger than me.
- Mother, can I go shopping with you?
- Where is Jeff? I need to talk to him.
- I sealed the envelope and tuck a stamp on it.
- Some of the bottles have water in them.