Pronouns

Pronouns are words which can be used instead of a noun. Pronouns are used in continuous writing to avoid repeating a noun again and again. let us look at some examples:

  1. Farish is an intelligent boy. Farish worked hard for the exam. So Farish scored good marks.
    Farish is an intelligent boy. He worked hard for the exam. So he scored good marks.
  2. John and David are good friends. John and David went for a swim on Friday.
    John and David are good friends. They went for a swim on Friday.

Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns refer to a particular person or a thing. Personal pronouns have subjective and objective forms.
Subjective personal pronouns usually come before the verb of the sentence and it acts as the subject of the sentence.

The subjective personal pronouns are “I”, “you”, “she”, “he”, “it”, “we”, “you”, “they”.

I will not let Mary go to school without her umbrella.
You are a simply brilliant.
We can have a good time at the cinema.
When she was at the hospital, she checked her weight.

Objective personal pronouns act as the object of the sentence. Let us look at the objective forms of the subjective personal pronouns.

Subjective form Objective form
I me
we us
you you
they them
he him
she her
it it

In the following sentences, the words in bold letters are objective personal pronouns.
Aisha gave him a pair of trousers.
Tom says he wants us to finish the work real soon.
There is no need to tell them what you know.

Possessive pronouns

Possessive pronouns is the form of pronoun used when the particular pronoun owns or possesses something. Possessive pronouns are “mine”, “yours”, “hers”, “his”, “its”, “ours” and “theirs”.

Some examples of sentences using possessive pronouns.

The bird is mine.
Yours will be sent to your address.
The computer is hers.

Interrogative pronouns

An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun which is used to ask a question.

What do you like to eat?
Which of the two islands is good?
To whom did you give the paper?

Note that, not all the ‘wh’ question words are interrogative pronouns. The interrogative pronouns are “who”, “whom”, “which”, “what”, “whoever”, “whomever”, “whichever”, and “whatever”).

Demonstrative pronouns

The word ‘demonstrate’ means ‘to show’. Demonstrative pronouns show and identifies another noun or a pronoun.
The demonstrative pronouns are “this”, “that”, “these”, and “those”.

Those boats belong to a rich business man.
This tree is so big.
That is not a good place to go.
These buildings are beautiful.

Reflexive pronouns

When the subject and the object of a sentence refer to the same person or a thing, we can use a reflexive pronoun as the object rather than a personal pronoun.
She forced herself to drink the medicine.
He told himself that it was no use crying over the spilled milk.

Singular form of reflexive pronouns are myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself; the plural forms are ourselves, yourselves, themselves.

Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are are used to say that each person in the group does the same thing to the other person. Each other and one another are reciprocal pronouns.

Aseela and Daniella blamed each other for their problems.
The children in the class threw paper balls at one another.

It is a common practice to use each other only when referring to two people and to use one another to refer to more than two people.
Nizam and Fazeena like spending time with each other.
The five members of the council stayed in different islands and spoke to one another by telephone.

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