Nouns

A noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea. Some examples of nouns are: girl, island, boy, ocean, sea, bank, Ahmed, dream, boat, Maldives, England, Maldives Monetary Authority.

Some nouns are names of a specific person, place or a thing. Those nouns start with a capital letter and are known as proper nouns. England, Maldives, Ahmed and Male’ are all proper nouns.

Most nouns are common nouns and do not start with a capital letter.

Plurals

Many nouns have a special plural form if there is more than one. For example, we say one book but two books. Plurals are usually formed by adding an -s (books) or -es (boxes) but some plurals are formed in different ways (child – children, person – people, mouse – mice, sheep – sheep).

Look at the following sentences to know more about plural forms.

The harbour at Marble Mountain has one wharf.
There are several wharves in Halifax Harbour.

Warsaw is their favourite city because it reminds them of their courtship.
The vacation my grandparents won includes trips to twelve European cities.

The children circled around the headmaster and shouted, “Are you a mouse or a man?”
The audience was shocked when all five men admitted that they were afraid of mice.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Some nouns can be counted. That means we can count the number of units of that particular noun. If we can count the number of items of the noun, it is called as a Countable Noun. Look at the nouns that are bold in the following sentences.

– Mariyam found six silver dollars in the toe of a sock.
– I’ve got a few dollars.
– Have you got any pens?

Some nouns can not be counted. It may be because of the quantity of it or because of its nature that it can not be counted.

An uncountable noun (or mass noun) is a noun which does not have a plural form, and which refers to something that you could (or would) not usually count. A non-countable noun always takes a singular verb in a sentence.

Here are some uncountable nouns:
music, art, love, happiness, advice, information, news, furniture, luggage, rice, sugar, butter, water, electricity, gas, power

Some sentences using uncountable nouns
– Close the curtain. There’s too much light!
Oxygen is essential to human life.
– It’s difficult to work when there is so much noise.

Possessive nouns

A possessive noun is a noun to which another thing belongs to. In other words, the possessive noun possesses the noun that comes immediately after it.

Ahmed’s pet is really funny.
Children’s festival will be held in November.
Students’ computer lab is all empty today. (In this sentence apostrophe is added after ‘s’ because the noun is plural)

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